On Friday 19th September, the Epidemiological Surveillance System of Andalusia (SVEA) part of the territorial delegation of Málaga (Junta de Andalucia) held a meeting on health alerts in Public Health.
ACTION PROTOCOL IN SUSPECTED CASES OF EBOLA:
When to suspect a case of Ebola?
In patients with the following symptoms:
- High Temperature/Fever (over 38.6 C/101.5 F)
- Severe headache
- Vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pain
- Any form of unexplained haemorrhagic manifestation
- Multiple organ failure
* To assess the fever, please take into account if the patient has been in contact with anyone with a confirmed case of Ebola and always ask if he/she is taking antipyretics, is in a state of immunosuppression or has any other condition that may affect body temperature, such as in children, elderly patients, etc., or if the person was in contact with someone who died suddenly, without a clear cause.
AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL BACKGROUND (necessary condition):
At least one of the following items of medical history of possible exposure during the 21 days prior to the onset of symptoms:
– The patient has been staying in one of the areas where there has been transmission of Ebola Virus Disease (EVE).
– The patient has been in contact with a patient case (during tests or confirmed) or with their body fluids/biological samples.
What should doctors and other professionals in health centres suspected of a case do?
If a possible diagnosis of the Ebola virus disease is considered, the following measures should be taken to control infection: the patient should be put in quarantine as should their family members and personal protective measures should be taken.
– If the patient is at home: Patients must stay at home until transferred by the 061 [contact number in Spain for health emergencies] to the appropriate hospital in the province.