Autumn is here, a season that favours viruses to the detriment of our health. These tips will help you stay healthy.
The seasonal transition from summer to autumn causes many health problems. The change in temperature, hours of sunlight, and time spent indoors are key factors that make us easier targets for viruses and bacteria.
Pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, allergies, sinusitis, and hay fever are some of the health issues that appear more frequently in autumn. But the good news is that most of these can be prevented with these simple tips:
- Stay hydrated
- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and legumes
- Exercise regularly
- Get plenty of sleep
- Get sufficient sunlight
- Clean your home and air it out regularly
- Avoid crowded indoor spaces
- Wash your hands
- Get vaccinated (particularly if you are at risk)
Common autumn diseases
Bronchitis is part of the “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease” (COPD), a group of pathologies that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. Symptoms include a high temperature, shortness of breath, and chest pain when coughing.
Asthma is a chronic airway pathology that also causes air flow obstruction. It affects more than 300 million people worldwide and is often associated with rhinitis and allergies.
- Sinusitis and hay fever
Sinusitis and hay fever (rhinitis) are two common respiratory conditions that are often confused with the common cold. Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nose, and sinusitis is an infection in the sinuses, which are air-filled tissues around the nose. Rhinitis may be triggered by an allergen and may in turn produce sinusitis.
Pneumonia is an inflammation of one or both lungs, usually caused by an infection, either fungal, bacterial or viral. The alveoli become filled with fluid or pus, making breathing difficult and painful.